By Abu Amina Elias for FaithinAllah.org
Ibn Kathir writes in his commentary on Surah An-Nisa:
Al-Bukhari recorded that Ibn Abbas said that the verse:
أَطِيعُواْ اللَّهَ وَأَطِيعُواْ الرَّسُولَ وَأُوْلِى الاٌّمْرِ مِنْكُمْ
Obey Allah and obey the Messenger, and those of you who are in authority. (4:59)
“This was revealed about Abdullah bin Hudhafah bin Qays bin Adi, who the Messenger of Allah sent on a military expedition.” This statement was collected by the major collectors with the exception of Ibn Majah. At-Tirmidhi said this statement is, “Hasan (good), Gharib (peculiar).”
Imam Ahmad recorded that Ali said: The Messenger of Allah, peace be upon him, sent a troop under the command of a man from Al-Ansar. When they left, he became angry with them for some reason and said to them, “Has not the Messenger of Allah commanded you to obey me?” They said, “Yes.” He said, “Collect some wood,” and then he started a fire with the wood, saying, “I command you to enter the fire.” The people almost entered the fire, but a young man among them said, “You only ran away from the Fire to Allah’s Messenger. Therefore, do not rush until you go back to Allah’s Messenger, and if he commands you to enter it, then enter it.” When they went back to Allah’s Messenger, they told him what had happened, and the Messenger of Allah said:
لَوْ دَخَلْتُمُوهَا مَا خَرَجْتُمْ مِنْهَا أَبَدًا، إِنَّمَا الطَّاعَةُ فِي الْمَعْرُوف
Had you entered it you would never have departed from it. Obedience is only in righteousness.
This Hadith is recorded in the Two Sahihs (Bukhari and Muslim).
Abu Dawud recorded that Abdullah bin Umar said that the Messenger of Allah said:
السَّمْعُ وَالطَّاعَةُ عَلَى الْمَرْءِ الْمُسْلِمِ فِيمَا أَحَبَّ وَكَرِهَ، مَا لَمْ يُؤْمَرْ بِمَعْصِيَةٍ، فَإِذَا أُمِرَ بِمَعْصِيَةٍ فَلَا سَمْعَ وَلَا طَاعَة
The Muslim is required to hear and obey in that which he likes and dislikes, unless he was commanded to sin. When he is commanded with sin, then there is no hearing or obeying.
This Hadith is recorded in the Two Sahihs .
Ubadah bin As-Samit said: We gave our pledge to Allah’s Messenger to hear and obey (our leaders), while active and otherwise, in times of ease and times of difficulty, even if we were deprived of our due shares, and to not dispute this matter (of leadership) with its rightful people. The Prophet, peace be upon him, said:
إِلَّا أَنْ تَرَوْا كُفْرًا بَوَاحًا، عِنْدَكُمْ فِيهِ مِنَ اللهِ بُرْهَان
Except when you witness outright disbelief about which you have clear proof from Allah.
This Hadith is recorded in the Two Sahihs. Another Hadith narrated by Anas states that the Messenger of Allah, peace be upon him, said:
اسْمَعُوا وَأَطِيعُوا، وَإِنْ أُمِّرَ عَلَيْكُمْ عَبْدٌحَبَشِيٌّ كَأَنَّ رَأْسَهُ زَبِيبَة
Hear and obey (your leaders), even if an Ethiopian slave whose head is like a raisin is made your chief.
Al-Bukhari recorded this Hadith.
Umm Al-Husayn said that she heard the Messenger of Allah, peace be upon him, giving a speech during the Farewell Hajj, in which he said:
وَلَوِ اسْتُعْمِلَ عَلَيْكُمْ عَبْدٌ يَقُودُكُمْ بِكِتَابِ اللهِ، اسْمَعُوا لَهُ وَأَطِيعُوا
Even if a slave was appointed over you, and he rules you with Allah’s Book, then listen to him and obey him.
Muslim recorded this Hadith. In another narration with Muslim, the Prophet said:
عَبْدًا حَبَشِيًّا مَجْدُوعًا
Even if an Ethiopian slave, whose nose was mutilated…
In the Two Sahihs, it is recorded that Abu Huraira said that the Messenger of Allah, peace be upon him, said:
مَنْ أَطَاعَنِي فَقَدْ أَطَاعَ اللهَ، وَمَنْ عَصَانِي فَقَدْ عَصَى اللهَ، وَمَنْ أَطَاعَ أَمِيرِي فَقَدْ أَطَاعَنِي، وَمَنْ عَصَى أَمِيرِي فَقَدْ عَصَانِي
Whoever obeys me has obeyed Allah; and whoever disobeys me has disobeyed Allah. Whoever obeys my commander has obeyed me; and whoever disobeys my commander has disobeyed me.
This is why Allah said:
Meaning, adhere to His Book,
And obey the Messenger
Meaning, adhere to his Sunnah,
وَأُوْلِى الاٌّمْرِ مِنْكُمْ
And those of you who are in authority
Meaning, obey them in the obedience to Allah which they command you, not what constitutes disobedience of Allah; for there is no obedience to anyone in disobedience to Allah as we mentioned in the authentic Hadith:
إِنَّمَا الطَّاعَةُ فِي الْمَعْرُوف
Obedience is only in righteousness.
Success comes from Allah, and Allah knows best.
Category: Noble Qur'an القرآن الكريم